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Volume 1: Abstracts

Application Of Reality Therapy To Develop Effective Achievement Goals
Sunawan Junmei Xiong
School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, People Republic of China

Abstract: Achievement goals affected student’s performance, emotion, motivation, and learning strategy. Unfortunately, some students did not have effective achievement goals. The purpose of this article was to provide a comprehensive review about application of reality therapy to develop effective achievement goals in individual counseling setting. During the counseling process, student’s achievement goals was interpreted from basic needs, quality world, choice theory and total behavior perspective. The goals of reality therapy were human connection, using choice theory, understanding total behavior and developing effective plans. Those goals were basis to develop effective achievement goals. This article also discussed implementation of the WDEP system.

Application of Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) To Enhance High School Students Self-Esteem: An Embedded Experimental Design
Central China Normal University, P.R. China; State University of Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract: This study aims to identify the therapeutic application of SFBT in making changes to enhance the self-esteem of high school students. In answering the research problem is used Embedded Experimental Design. Design of this study is useful to develop a treatment, test the process of an intervention or follow-up of the experimental results. This design can be realized through the acquisition of qualitative data that is included in the experimental design. The results of this study is seen quantitatively from the results found that there are differences in levels of self-esteem when students before getting SFBT intervention and after getting SFBT intervention. By using the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test, where the z value calculated is -2.207, where p is 0.027. In other words, SFBT intervention has therapeutic effects on the changes to enhance the self-esteem of students. On the qualitative side by basing on the results of conversation analysis is found that the revelation or utterance which counselees from low self-esteem is transformed into a high self-esteem.

Internet Pornography Addiction and Effects of Excessive Pornography Consumption: A University Tunku Abdul Rahman Undergraduate Student Study
Ahsha Vaksalla Counsellor Psychology Master Candidate for Degree Universiti Sains Malaysia
Prof. Christopher W Hodshire Universiti Sains Malaysia School of Social Science

Abstract: Pornography is a debatable subject, both in Malaysia and around the world. Some feel it is harmless while others feel it is damaging. Pornography can bring about its own impact to the viewers. In Malaysia, the trend of viewing pornography among youngsters’ has been increasing. Studies have also shown Pornography can lead to unhealthy behaviors as a result of too much viewing. This study was conducted to discover the addiction level and the consumption effects on students at a Malaysian University. The researchers used purposive sampling to distribute questionnaires. The Scale used was the Internet Pornography Addiction Test and the Pornography Consumption Effects Scale consist of Positive and Negative dimension used to conduct the research. The research population (N=120) was students’ from University Tunku Abdul Rahman of Malaysia. There were significant relationship between the addiction and consumption. There were significant differences between the Positive and Negative Dimension as well. The Negative Effect Dimension is higher than the Positive Effect Dimension. There were significant differences between male and female students towards pornography addiction. However, there were not any significant differences among the genders in internet consumption. Male scored higher than female in the Internet Pornography Addiction. There were no significant differences between gender in the Positive and Negative Dimension. 

The effect of “Forgiveness therapy” on depression and low self-esteem for a victim of abuse: A Case study
Jeledan, Tagreed Malik
Taibah University, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract: It has been said before that “No one forgives with more grace and love than a child”. And also no one can compete the child with his outstanding memory which can’t forget deep injuries during childhood, especially when these multiple abuses come from his/her parents and other relatives. Being physically abused, emotionally abused, and neglected from her biological parents and sexually abused from one of her relatives, this 25 years old female, who is a student in the university, suffers from severe depression and very low level of self-esteem. The current research aims at decreasing the client’s depression and improving her self-esteem through case study techniques, assessing her needs, fears, deep feelings and behavior using a variety of methods, including projective tests, life history, interviews and direct observation of her behavior. The researcher will attempt to help this female using the techniques of the “Forgiveness Therapy” which is described by a number of clinicians and researchers as a promising approach to anger-reduction, depression healing and the restoration of general emotional and mental health. Key words: Forgiveness Therapy, depression, self-esteem, child abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, childhood, case study, clinical psychology.

Using PRODIGY to Increase School Motivation Among Malaysian Children: A Study in a Rural Primary School in Perak
Aslina Ahmad, Ab. Aziz Mohd Yatim, Amelia Mohd Noor, Ahmad Jazimin Jusoh, Mohd Noor Saper, Taquidin Mohd Mukhti, Chew Sim Chee
Sultan Idris Education University, Tg Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Abstract: This study evaluates the effect of a school programme called PRODIGY that uses counseling skills to motivate students in rural areas in Perak, Malaysia. A total of 78 students (N = 78), who were 12 years of age participated in this study. The effect of the programme was measured by comparing the difference between mean scores of the pretest and the posttest. The instruments used to measure school motivation were (a) Elementary School Motivation Scale by Guay, Marsh, Dowson and Larose (2005) and (b) Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation by Harter (1981). Descriptive analysis was used to find the difference in mean scores and the standard deviation of the data. Results show that the mean score among students from the treatment group was higher compared to the control group. Teachers commented that children in the treatment group were more confident and took the initiative to meet with teachers whenever they have difficulties in their studies.

Using the sandtray as an expressive arts intervention with adult clients
Marta Garrett
University of Mary Hardin-Baylor Belton, TX USA

Abstract: When counselors and therapists think of using the sandtray as a counseling intervention, they often think sandtray work only as a play-therapy intervention for children (Hunter, 1998). However, over the last several decades, sandtrays have been included in counseling adolescents and adults more and more frequently (Homeyer & Sweeney, 2011). When sandtrays are used from a Jungian perspective, this work is often referred to as “sandplay” but today, sandtray work with adults from a variety of theoretical perspectives is growing in popularity (Boik & Godwin, 2000; DeDomenico, 1995). This article discusses the use of the sandtray as an expressive intervention with adult therapy clients acknowledging there are many theoretical options available to the therapist and outlines how sandtray work (ST) is uniquely suited for a variety of adult counseling populations from diverse cultures and ethnic backgrounds. 

Developing Counseling Priorities of Filipino Children in Conflict with the Law
Marie Grace A. Gomez, Ph.D., RGC
University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City

Abstract: Philippine laws protect the rights of children in conflict with the law (CICL) detained in rehabilitation centers. Detention in such centers is not punitive in nature. Counseling is deemed as essential to their rehabilitation. This descriptive study aims to identify educational priorities of CICL through standardized and non-standardized measures. Standardized tests included the Culture Fair Intelligence Test, the Mooney Problem Checklist and the Brainard Occupational Preference Inventory. Results show that the participants have CFIT IQ scores at the below average range, implying the need for simplified counseling methods to be employed. The top concern identified by the participants of the study is on Future Vocational and Educational Plans. Given this, the Brainard Occupational Preference Inventory was given and results show that majority (57%) had a career preference towards agriculture. Non-standardized measures include interviews and review of case profiles of the participants. Plans after release from the center were also identified.